CUTWORM

These large hairless caterpillars, that are Gray, brown or black will chew on young plants, frequently severing the stems off near the ground. Surface feeding Cutworms can affect young veggie plants like tomatoes, peppers, beans, pea plants, along with all varieties of cabbages. Climbing Cutworms can affect grapes, tomatoes, blueberries, or any other vegetable crops that has tender young foliage. They climb the main stalk or trunk and feed on the leaves, buds or fruit. Cutworms spend their days in the soil, emerging at night to feed above ground.  The adult is a dark, night-flying moth that feeds on the flower nectar, often found fluttering around garden lights at night.  Cultivating the garden in late summer, early fall after harvesting and removing plants will help kill eggs and larvae. Employ a cutworm collar (easily made from a milk carton, plastic tubs or tin cans, by removing both ends, creating a tube) around the base of the young seedling helps. Firmly plant the collar around the young seedling, pressing into the ground. Dusting around the base of susceptible plants with Green Earth® Slug & Bug Insect Killer Dust weekly will also help. If still available in your area place Wilson® Earwig & Cutworm Destroyer out in shady areas of you garden.

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Vegetable Insects - slugs

SLUGS AND SNAILS

Slugs and snails are slimy mollusks that are similar looking other than slugs lack a shell. They are nocturnal in nature and feed on leaves, vegetables and fruits mostly at night. During sunny days they seek hiding places under plants with dense foliage or in areas with lots of moisture.  As Slugs & Snails move they leave a silvery slime trail which is sometimes the only indication of their presence in the garden. During periods of high humidity and moisture their population can quickly explode. To help control apply baits or controls in areas of high moisture, or under plants with heavy foliage, and it can greatly help reduce the population.

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Vegetable Insects - Colorado beetle

COLORADO POTATO BEETLE

Adult potato beetles are orange with 10 black stripes on their backs. Their larvae are red to orange with two rows of black dots along their sides. Look for orange to yellow eggs on the underside of leaves, generally in groups of 30. Both adult and larvae feed on foliage, creating irregular holes on leaves, stems, and occasionally fruit. Susceptible plants are potatoes, peppers, tomatoes, eggplant, tobacco and petunias, often causing the leaves from the entire plant to fall off. Hand picking them off early in the season will greatly reduce their numbers, but include dusting the plant and soil with Green Earth® Slug & Bug Insect Killer Dust to control them when you’re not there. Laying newspapers or landscape fabric below the plants as well as a floating row cover can help prevent them from emerging and attacking, or even reaching the plant.  They have shown a resistance to almost all pesticides but you may still get some control by alternating applications with Wilson® 50% Malathion Insecticide/Miticide Concentrate, or Wilson® Ambush Tree & Garden Insect Killer Concentrate.

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Vegetable Insects - cabbage worm

CABBAGE WORM

Cabbage Worms are the larvae from the Cabbage white butterfly, they are green with light stripes down their back and measure up to 1 ½” in length. They will attack all varieties of the cabbage family, plus lettuce. Look for round or irregular holes in the centre of the leaves. On the underside of leaf you may find bullet shaped eggs in either green or yellow or the worm itself. At the first sign of infestation treat with Green Earth® Bio-Mist Insect Killer Concentrate or Wilson 50% Malathion Concentrate.

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Vegetable Insects - aphids

APHIDS

Tiny, soft insects that cluster on the underside of leaves, stems and buds and suck plant juices. Aphids multiply quickly and with large numbers will rapidly cause a lot of damage to all crops. Feeding Aphids create a sticky residue on plants called honeydew, which may also attract ants. So if you see ants running up and down you tree or shrub stop to see if it is an aphid infestation, before treating. Aphids cause misshapen, curling, stunted or yellow leaves. To help control apply Wilson® BUG-X® Ready to Use Spray, repeating weekly until infestation is controlled.

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Vegetable Insects - leafhoppers

LEAFHOPPERS

Leafhoppers are tiny insects; 3 mm in length, with modified hind legs for jumping have piercing-sucking mouthparts and their colouring can range from drab to wildly colourful. They feed by sucking plant sap from grass, shrubs, or trees.. During feeding they are known to transmit plant pathogens, viruses or bacteria. They will either migrate in the spring from warmer southern climates, or overwinter as eggs in the soil, and hatch early in the spring when fruit blossoms begin to turn pink.

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Vegetable Insects - whitelfy

WHITE FLIES

Whiteflies are tiny sap-sucking insects that are frequently found on vegetables or ornamental plants; group together on the underside of leaves. Even though they have yellowish bodies with whitish wings, their name is due to the white wax covering the adult’s wings and body. Whiteflies develop rapidly in warm weather generally when natural enemies have been destroyed or weather is favorable. Feeding can distort or discolour leaves, and in serious infestations cause large crop losses, plus they have been known to transmit viruses. White flies excrete honeydew so leaves may be sticky or develop black sooty mold.

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Vegetable Insects - earwig

EARWIGS

Earwigs are reddish-brown insects with pincers at the rear of their body. Earwigs thrive in moist, shady locations, such as bathrooms, kitchens, under your garden planters, or under your shade loving plants. A light dusting weekly under you planters, pots and plants, or into cracks and crevices where they are hiding, with Green Earth® Slug & Bug Insect Killer Dust will greatly reduce their numbers.  They enter your house through cracks, especially during spells of hot, dry weather so take a moment in the spring to chalk them up. For good control in the garden and in areas where it is still allowable try using Wilson® Earwig & Cutworm Destroyer. A small mound under a flat stone or board, in a shady area, will attract them ultimately eliminating them during the day as they hide. To prevent them from entering your home spray the foundation with Wilson® OneShot® Ant, Roach & Crawling Insect Killer Aerosol.

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FLEA BEETLES

Tiny black beetles that jump when disturbed. An immature Flea beetle will feed on the lower leaves and roots of your plant, while the adult will chew holes in the leaves, covering the leaf with tiny shot holes that quickly dry out. Adults overwinter in the garden soil and plant debris, emerging in the spring to feed on weeds until veggies sprout. They may have 1 to 4 generations per year, where eggs are laid, then hatch into grubs that feed for 2 – 3 weeks before emerging as an immature adult. To control beetles spray with Green Earth® Bio-Mist Garden Insect Killer Ready to use spray, or if still available in your area try Wilson® Garden Doctor Insecticide/Fungicide Dust.

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